Born October 2, 1869 in the Indian state called Gujarat, Mahatma Gandhi is considered as the Father of India due to his leadership in earning independence for India from Britain. Five months after Indian independence, he was assassinated on his way to a prayer meeting. At 78, he left a young country to mature on its own.
 

His core values were truth and nonviolence. His legacy to the world is the message that freedom can be achieved through nonviolence; world leaders today strive to emulate him. A quote summarizes his philosophy:

“The only virtue I want to claim is truth and non-violence.
I lay no claim to super human powers: I want none”.

Each year the date of his birth is celebrated all over India as a national holiday with schools and offices closed for the day. It is known as Gandhi Jayanti. On this day, the President and Prime Minister pay homage at the memorial of Mahatma Gandhi where he was cremated. Prayers are read and his favorite song is sung. 

 

His autobiography, My Experiments with Truth, is an excellent book and should be in everyone’s personal library.


In 2007, the United Nations declared that October 2nd will be celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence.
 

A bust of Gandhi in his home Mani Bhavan in Bombay, India.

A bust of Gandhi in his home Mani Bhavan in Bombay, India.

 

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