During my first visit to India over 25 years ago, my husband and I feasted on many delicious meals in some of the five star restaurants in Mumbai and Chennai. Unfortunately the wine lists offered only a small set of locally grown Indian wines. Since I enjoy a good glass of wine at dinner, I was disappointed with the options. Most of the wines were sweet and tasted as though the grapes had been harvested earlier in the week. I knew that people in India didn’t drink wine or any alcohol in those days but India has a long, rich history with growing grapes for wine.

 

Grapes have been grown in India for over 5000 years ago during the Bronze Age when Persian traders brought them to the region. Wine has been made from these grapes for about 3000 years. Over time various groups for either religious reasons, as directed by some of the ancient texts, or for pleasure consumed wine. During recent history wine production and consumption flourished during British and Portuguese rule but public opinion eventually changed and alcohol was banned during most of the 20th century.
 

By the 1980s, attitudes started to shift and wine production started once again as India started to participate in the global marketplace and the incomes of the Indian people started to rise.  The early wines were syrupy and not very good. They could barely be compared to the cheapest California or French wines. Today, the story has changed.

 

During my trip to south India, wine lists at the best restaurants included some very good wines (offered at reasonable prices). The wine that was most often listed is produced by Sula Vineyards, located near Mumbai. Started in the 1990s, the owner started the winery and brought a winemaker from California to create Chenin Blanc and Sauvignon Blanc wines with their first release in 2000. The Chenin Blanc was available on almost all of the wine lists (including Sanjeev Kapoor’s Khazana in Dubai). The Sauvignon Blanc was listed but was only available at one of the restaurants at which we dined. I look forward to my next trip so I can taste more of Sula’s offerings.
 

Sula Wine from India

Sula Wine from India

 

Other wines that were occasionally listed on menus include:

 

Four Seasons Wines – produces Cabernet Sauvignon, Shiraz, Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc, Chenin Blanc, Viognier and Rosé at reasonable prices from grapes grown in Maharashtra, India since 2006.

 

Nine Hills Wine – Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chenin Blanc and Sauvignon Blanc produced by Seagram India, the Indian arm of Pernod Ricard since 2006.

 

Big Banyan Wines – produces seven distinct varietals of whites, rosés, reds and dessert wines in India.

Zampa Vineyards from the Valle de vin offers Chenin Blanc, Shiraz, sparkling rose wine and sparkling red wine of cabernet sauvignon sincd 2006.

 

In researching the wines I listed above, I noticed one thing they have in common – they started production in 2006. I strongly suspect this is due to changing values, interests and incomes of the young, upwardly mobile Indians who have been educated in the west or work with people in the west. As they started drinking fine wines, they wanted access to them at home or to be able to share them with family and friends. With increased demand for wine, it was only natural that resourceful Indian entrepreneurs would buy into foreign wineries and growing grapes to create moderately priced local wine.

 

Wine in India seems to be a growing trend and will be an exciting journey to follow.

 

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During a recent trip to the wine region in the Texas Hill Country in Fredericksburg, I had the opportunity to visit two wineries.
 

Becker Vineyards sign at front gate

Becker Vineyards sign at front gate

 

The first vineyard we visited was Becker Vineyards. It is situated right off the highway on a beautiful piece of land on which grapes and lavender are grown. We were welcomed in the tasting room by Henri de Lobbe, a French speaking tasting room sales representative originally from Morocco, who shared his knowledge and love of Becker wines as well as stories of his life as he poured tastes into lovely monogrammed glasses. I have to admit that I was happily surprised by the quality of the wines included in the tasting. The last time I tasted Becker wines was in 1997 and I thought they were average and lacked the dimensionality that one gets with a French or California wine. In the last ten years Dionysus, the ancient Greek god of wine, has been very good to Becker Vineyards whose wines are largely made from grapes grown in Texas.

 

Becker Vineyards in Fredericksburg, TX, offers well priced wine for Indian food.

Becker Vineyards in Fredericksburg, TX, offers well priced wine for Indian food.

 

I was quite impressed with the consistently good taste of the wine list. Becker offers two Napa quality cabernets sauvignons but boasts an impressive array of varietals and some of my favorite Becker wines would pair well with Indian food. Usually I find only one or two white wines at a winery that I like. We started our tasting with the 2011 Pinot Grigio. Since this is such a light wine (and I tend to prefer reds) I thought about skipping it at first. I’m glad I tried it since I think it would be delightful with shellfish such as my Shrimp Avinasi recipe.

 

When we moved on to try the reds, I continued to be impressed. Not a bad wine in the bunch! I tasted the 2010 Culinaria, made from Cabernet Franc and Merlot grapes, which I believe would be wonderful with game.

 

My favorites included the ‘09 Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon Canada Family Vineyard and the ‘10 Raven, which is a blend of Malbec and Petit Verdot grapes.

 

I have saved the best news for last: these wines are priced for everyday enjoyment between $15 and $20 per bottle. 

Grapes for wine making.

 

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Pineapple has been a favorite fruit of mine for as long as I can remember. I love the sweet tangy juice that drips from the flesh as I bite into large chunks that I cut from the fruit. My family loves it too. In fact, my daughter bought four of them during our recent week long vacation to the island of Maui in Hawaii. Believe me, we ate every bite!

 

 

Young pineapple growing in Maui.

Young pineapple growing in Maui.

 

Hawaii used to be a leader in pineapple production for over two hundred years. In fact, “Hawaii was responsible for 80 percent of the world’s pineapple production” during the 1960s. Today it only accounts for 2 percent.

 

On the other hand, India is one of the world’s top pineapple producers. Pineapples even grow wild across the state of Kerala. They are eaten raw as dessert after a meal or cooked in a side dish that accompanies a meal. Some of the most popular recipes in Kerala include:

 

  • Kichadi (recipe in my cookbook, Kachi’s Kitchen, pineapple and coconut cooked in yogurt and seasoned with mustard seeds)
  • Pachadi (pineapple, coconut and mustard seeds cooked in yogurt)
  • Pineapple rice (pineapple added to plain rice with some spices)
  • Pineapple raita (made fresh with yogurt)
  • Pineapple payasam (cooked as a sweet pudding)

This leads me to the purpose of focusing this post on pineapples. Even though my family ate them every day during our trip and we tasted some pineapple wine at the local winery, Tedeschi Vineyards, Maui’s Winery at Ulupalakua Ranch. This charming winery started growing grapes to make wine back in 1974. While they were waiting for the grapes to grow, they tried making wine from pineapples that grow on this island paradise.
 
 

Tedeschi Vineyard's Hula O'Maui wine.

Tedeschi Vineyard’s Hula O’Maui wine.

 

Tedeschi Vineyards makes three tasty wines from pineapple.Our favorite is an excellent selection to pair with this month’s South Indian recipe of the Month – Spicy Grilled Swordfish. Called Hula O’Maui, it is a crisp, sparkling wine that would be great with a spicy or bold entree. 

 

Their other pineapple wines are Maui Blanc and Maui Splash! would be excellent picks as well. All of them are easy to drink and a delightful change from the every day selections. If these wines are not available in your local store, the vineyard ships to many states.

 

Visit KachisKitchen.com for Indian recipes and cooking tips.

 

Sources:

http://www.to-hawaii.com/agriculture.php

http://mauiwinery.com/

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